Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups:
'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Your Bible Version is the KJV
Version Selector Up Arrow
KJV King James Version
NKJV New King James Version
NLT New Living Translation
NIV New International Version
ESV English Standard Version
CSB Christian Standard Bible
NASB New American Standard Bible
NET New English Translation
RSV Revised Standard Version
ASV American Standard Version
YLT Young's Literal Translation
DBY Darby Translation
WEB Webster's Bible
HNV Hebrew Names Version
RVR60 Reina-Valera 1960
VUL Latin Vulgate
WLC Westminster Leningrad Codex
LXX Septuagint
Go to Top
Link to This PageCite This Page
Version Selector Up Arrow
Version Selector Up Arrow

Cite this page

MLA format Copy link to clipboard

Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs.

APA format Copy link to clipboard
Chicago format Copy link to clipboard
Share this pageFollow the BLB
Version Selector Up Arrow

Share this page using one of these tools:




Or email this page to a friend:

Version Selector Up Arrow

Follow the Blue Letter Bible on:



Or subscribe to our Newsletter:

Printable Page
Choose a new font size and typeface

Customize your font sizeIncrease your font sizeDecrease your font sizeReturn to default font size

Choose a Bible text color
Read the Bible in blackRead the Bible in dark blueRead the Bible in blue

Customize your text type
Arial font
Trebuchet MS font
Georgia font
Times New Roman font

Customize your Hebrew text type
SBL Hebrew font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Customize your Greek text type
Gentium font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Close font preferences
The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Advanced Options

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'


Advanced Options

Exact Match
Beginning of the Word
Any Part of the Word
Theological FAQs
Multi-Verse Retrieval
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Line-By-Line Order:
Line-By-Line Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Line-By-Line Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Line-By-Line Separate Line  Separate Line
Line-By-Line Verse Only  Verse Only
Line-By-Line Reference Only  Reference Only
Reference Delimiters:
No Reference Delimiters  None — Jhn 1:1 KJV
Square Reference Delimiters  Square — [Jhn 1:1 KJV]
Curly Reference Delimiters  Curly — {Jhn 1:1 KJV}
Parenthesis Reference Delimiters  Parens — (Jhn 1:1 KJV)
Paragraph Order:
Paragraph Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Paragraph Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Paragraph Reference-Only  Reference-Only
Number Delimiters:*
No Verse Numbers  No Number
No Verse Delimeters  No Delimiter — 15
Square Verse Delimiters  Square — [15]
Curly Verse Delimiters  Curly — {15}
Parenthesis Verse Delimiters  Parens — (15)
Other Options:
Abbreviate Books  Abbreviate Books
Quotes Around Verses  Quotes around Verses
Remove Square Brackets  Remove Square Brackets
Sort Canonically  Sort Canonically

* 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order'

Let's Connect

Connect on Facebook Connect on Twitter Connect on Instagram Connect on Pinterest Connect on YouTube

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness

Dictionaries :: Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g4652 Greek: skoteinos

Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness:

"full of darkness, or covered with darkness," is translated "dark" in Luk 11:36; "full of darkness," in Mat 6:23; Luk 11:34, where the physical condition is figurative of the moral. The group of skot-words is derived from a root ska--, meaning "to cover." The same root is to be found in skene, "a tent."

Note: Contrast photeinos, "full of light," e.g., Mat 6:22.

A-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g850 Greek: auchmeros

Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness:

from auchmos, "drought produced by excessive heat," hence signifies "dry, murky, dark," 2Pe 1:19 (RV marg., "squalid"). No. 1 signifies "darkness" produced by covering; No. 2, "darkness" produced by being squalid or murky.

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g4653 Greek: skotia

Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness:

is used

(a) of physical darkness, "dark," Jhn 6:17, lit., "darkness had come on," and Jhn 20:1, lit., "darkness still being;"

(b) of secrecy, in general, whether what is done therein is good or evil, Mat 10:27; Luk 12:3;

(c) of spiritual or moral "darkness," emblematic of sin, as a condition of moral or spiritual depravity, Mat 4:16; Jhn 1:5; 8:12; 12:35, 46; 1Jo 1:5; 2:8, 9, 11.

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g4655 Greek: skotos

Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness:

an older form than No. 1, grammatically masculine, is found in some mss. in Hbr 12:18.

B-3 Noun Strong's Number: g4655 Greek: skotos

Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness:

a neuter noun, frequent in the Sept., is used in the NT as the equivalent of No. 1;

(a) of "physical darkness," Mat 27:45; 2Cr 4:6;

(b) of "intellectual darkness," Rom 2:19 (cp. C, No. 1);

(c) of "blindness," Act 13:11;

(d) by metonymy, of the "place of punishment," e.g., Mat 8:12; 2Pe 2:17; Jud 1:13;

(e) metaphorically, of "moral and spiritual darkness," e.g., Mat 6:23; Luk 1:79; 11:35; Jhn 3:19; Act 26:18; 2Cr 6:14; Eph 6:12; Col 1:13; 1Th 5:4, 5; 1Pe 2:9; 1Jo 1:6;

(f) by metonymy, of "those who are in moral or spiritual darkness," Eph 5:8;

(g) of "evil works," Rom 13:12; Eph 5:11;

(h) of the "evil powers that dominate the world," Luk 22:53;

(i) "of secrecy" [as in No. 1, (b)]. While skotos is used more than twice as many times as skotia in the NT, the Apostle John uses skotos only once, 1Jo 1:6, but skotia 15 times out of the 18.

"With the exception of the significance of secrecy [No. 1, (b) and No. 3 (i),] darkness is always used in a bad sense. Moreover the different forms of darkness are so closely allied, being either cause and effect, or else concurrent effects of the same cause, that they cannot always be distinguished; 1Jo 1:5; 2:8, e.g., are passages in which both spiritual and moral darkness are intended."*
[* From Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, pp 157-158.]

B-4 Noun Strong's Number: g2217 Greek: zophos

Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness:

denotes "the gloom of the nether world;" hence, "thick darkness, darkness that may be felt;" it is rendered "darkness" in Hbr 12:18; 2Pe 2:4; Jud 1:6; in 2Pe 2:17, RV, "blackness," AV, "mists;" in Jud 1:13, RV and AV, "blackness."
See BLACKNESS, B, Nos. 1 and 2, MIST.

C-1 Verb Strong's Number: g4654 Greek: skotizo

Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness:

"to deprive of light, to make dark," is used in the NT in the Passive Voice only,

(a) of the heavenly bodies, Mat 24:29; Mar 13:24; Rev 8:12;

(b) metaphorically, of the mind, Rom 1:21; 11:10; (some mss. have it in Luk 23:45).

C-2 Verb Strong's Number: g4656 Greek: skotoo

Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness:

"to darken," is used

(a) of the heavenly bodies, Rev 9:2; 16:10;

(b) metaphorically, of the mind, Eph 4:18.

Note: The phrase en ainigmati, lit., "in an enigma," is rendered "darkly" in 1Cr 13:12. Ainigma is akin to the verb anissomai, "to hint obscurely." The allusion is to Num 12:8 (Sept.), "not in (dia, "by means of") dark speeches" (lit., "enigmas"); God's communications to Moses were not such as in the case of dreams, etc. After the same analogy, what we see and know now is seen "darkly" compared with the direct vision in the presence of God hereafter. The riddles of seeming obscurity in life will all be made clear.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


Bible Search

Multiverse Retrieval

LexiConc Search

FAQ Search

Browse Dictionary Topics

Bible Reference

Encyclopedias / Dictionaries

Introductions to the Bible

Topical Indexes

Charts and Outlines


Maps / Images

Bible Commentaries

Text Commentaries

Audio & Video Commentaries

Theological Resources

Articles / Books

Women's Resources

Don Stewart

BLB Theological

Creeds, Catechisms, and Confessions





Digital Books

Mobile Apps for iPhone / iPad

Mobile blb.org

BLB Offline CDs

Free Web Tools


Email Devotional Sign-Up

BLB Daily Promises

Day by Day by Grace

Morning and Evening

Daily Bible Reading Plan


Video Tutorials


Theological Questions

Website Support

iApp Support

General Questions


Sowing Circle

Co-Laboring Ministries


About the BLB

Statement of Faith




Ministry FAQs


Donation Information

Contact the BLB

Hotjar - Unlimited insights from your web and mobile sites

BLB Institute

BLB Blog

Email Newsletters



Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.

Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization

©2018 Blue Letter Bible


Verse Tools Arrow

Email / username or password was incorrect!

Check your email for password retrieval

Enter Your
Email or Username




Did you forget your password?

Register a new BLB account

Why won't my login from the old site work?

Complete the form below to register  [?]

Error: That Email is already registered

Error: Please provide a valid Email

Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters

Error: Passwords do not match

Error: Please provide a valid first name

Error: That username is already taken

Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores

Enter Your EmailUsername

First Name


[ Cancel ]


Passwords should have at least 6 characters.
Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores.

Thank you for registering. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided.

Error: That Email / Username is not registered

Enter Your Email or Username


Return to Login

Close Login